HerculaneuminPictures

 

 

 




Herculaneum Ins. Or. II.19. Entrance to Upper Aula, leading to a series of rooms above the Palaestra.

 

According to Maiuri, this was an imposing hall with two columns on the front.

The flooring was of black tesserae and marble; at present only traces remain of the sparkling wall decorations in IV Style, and of the marble zoccolo. Almost in the centre, the hall is divided into two parts by slender columns and pillars. The entrance opening on the southern part leads to the gallery placed upon the wide Palaestra; along the gallery opens vaulted rooms elegantly decorated and others rustic.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.58).

 

Ins. Orientalis II, 19 Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east towards two columns at entrance to the upper terrace of the Palestra, through a large rectangular hallway. According to Parslow, Karl Weber identified this structure as another “temple”, comparing it to the earlier “Temple of the Mater Deum or Vespasian”. (see Ins. Or. 2 4). This second structure which is now recognised as the northern vestibule of the Palaestra first appeared in a report of September 22, 1759.”
See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, (p.146).

Ins. Orientalis II.19 Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking east towards two columns at entrance to the upper terrace of the Palestra, through a large rectangular hallway.

According to Parslow, Karl Weber identified this structure as another “temple”, comparing it to the earlier “Temple of the Mater Deum or Vespasian”. (see Ins. Or. II.4).

“This second structure which is now recognised as the northern vestibule of the Palaestra first appeared in a report of September 22, 1759.”

See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, (p.146).

 

Ins. Orientalis II, 19 Herculaneum, July 2015. Looking east through entrance doorway.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.19 Herculaneum, July 2015. Looking east through entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking north-east towards entrance doorway.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking north-east towards entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking north across entrance.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Kerb on south side of entrance.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Column near south end.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Central kerb of entrance.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Column near north end of entrance.

 

201005%20Card%2006%20582

Ins. Orientalis II.19, May 2010. Looking north-east.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking east towards entrance. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. October 2012. Looking east towards entrance.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

201005%20Card%2006%20583

Ins. Or. II.19, Herculaneum, May 2010. Looking east.

 

Ins. Or. II.19, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Or. II.19, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Inner threshold.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking towards north wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of mosaic flooring near north wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking north-east.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration.

 

201005%20Card%2006%20584

Ins. Orientalis II.19, May 2010. Looking towards north wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of flooring.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of flooring

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration from an east wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking towards south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking towards south wall.

 

201005%20Card%2006%20585

Ins. Orientalis II.19, May 2010. Looking towards south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration from south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration from south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration from south wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.19, Herculaneum. September 2015. Remains of painted decoration from south wall.

 

Paintings found in this area in 1761, somewhere near “an apsidal room”.

 

Ins.Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting entitled the Actor King.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9019. 
This is shown in AdE IV, 197, 42 and described as being found in the excavations of Portici, in February 1761.
According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, other paintings and fragments of paintings were found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi. 
(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting entitled the Actor King.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9019.

According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, other paintings and fragments of paintings were found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi.

(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting entitled the Actor King.
See Le Antichita di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 41, 291.
Found in Scavi di Portici. February 1761. Said to be one of the most beautiful in Museo Royale.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting entitled the Actor King.

See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 41, 291.

Found in Scavi di Portici. February 1761. Said to be one of the most beautiful in Museo Royale.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a young nude hero sitting on a golden chair with a sword leaning against it.
Next to him stands another young nude, but missing his head and right arm, and on the left, only half a horse can be seen.  
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9020
This is shown in AdE IV, 211, 44, and described as being found together with the preceding painting in the month of February 1761 at Portici.
See also Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi. 
(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a young nude hero sitting on a golden chair with a sword leaning against it.

Next to him stands another young nude, but missing his head and right arm, and on the left, only half a horse can be seen. 

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9020

This is shown in AdE IV, 211, 44 and described as being found together with the preceding painting in the month of February 1761 at Portici.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi.

(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a young nude hero sitting on a golden chair with a sword leaning against it.
See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 44, 209.
Companion to the previous paintings, found February 1761 in Scavi di Portici.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a young nude hero sitting on a golden chair with a sword leaning against it.

See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 44, 209.

Companion to the previous paintings, found February 1761 in Scavi di Portici.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a musical concert.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9021
This is shown in AdE IV, 207, 43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.
According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from two fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a musical concert.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9021

This is shown in AdE IV and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.

According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from two fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a musical concert.
See Le Antichita di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 42, 197.
Companion to the previous paintings, found February 1761 in Scavi di Portici.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a musical concert.

See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 42, 197.

Companion to the previous paintings, found February 1761 in Scavi di Portici.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of girl having her hair dressed
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9022.
This is shown in AdE IV, 207, 43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.
According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.
According to Parslow, in February 1761 a shaft was sunk from one of the upper level rooms of the Palaestra down into one of the rooms flanking the great apsidal hall.
By luck this narrow shaft dropped directly onto a series of small mounted paintings resting on the mosaic floor and leaning up against one wall.
See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, ((p.148-149, and fig.41)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of girl having her hair dressed.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9022.

This is shown in AdE IV, 207, 43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.

According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of girl having her hair dressed.
See Le Antichita di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 43, 203.
Companion to the previous paintings, found February 1761 in Scavi di Portici.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of girl having her hair dressed.

See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 43, 203.

Companion to the previous paintings, found February 1761 in Scavi di Portici.

 

According to Parslow, in February 1761 a shaft was sunk from one of the upper level rooms of the Palaestra down into one of the rooms flanking the great apsidal hall.

By luck this narrow shaft dropped directly onto a series of small mounted paintings resting on the mosaic floor and leaning up against one wall.

See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, ((p.148-149, and fig.41)

 

According to Grasso, these small mounted paintings were provenanced from Ins. Orientalis. II.4, 19 and are now in Naples Archaeological Museum.

They include -

NAP 9019, p.164, no 47,

NAP 9020, p.165, no 48,

NAP 9021, p 163, no 46,

NAP 9022, p.162, no 45,

NAP 9726, p.135, no 25,

NAP 9735, p.136, no 26,

NAP 8993, p.110, no.8,

See Bragantini, I, and Sampaolo, V, eds. La Pittura Pompeiana. Naples, Electa. (see above for page numbers)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9726.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9726.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
See Le Antichita di Ercolano esposte Tomo 1, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 1, 1757, Tav 42, 223.
Scavi of Resina, but no date or place mentioned.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 1, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 1, 1757, Tav 42, 223.

Scavi of Resina, but no date or place mentioned.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9735.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9735.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8993.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8993.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. 
Fragment of a young sitting faun playing the pipes, but only the legs, head and small part of the body remain. 
Nearby are the legs of another young person.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9141.
See Le Antichita di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 29, 139.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761.

Fragment of a young sitting faun playing the pipes, but only the legs, head and small part of the body remain.

Nearby are the legs of another young person.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9141.

See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 29, 139.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Old 19th century photo.
Fragment of a sitting man playing the lyre and with another figure at his feet listening to him, but part of the head is missing.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9816.
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi, p. 218.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Old 19th century photo.

Fragment of a sitting man playing the lyre and with another figure at his feet listening to him, but part of the head is missing.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9816.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi, p. 218.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Three very curious fragments of plaster. 
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.
See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 51, 245.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Three very curious fragments of plaster.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.

See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 51, 245.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th February 1761. 
Fragment of plaster showing a young girl dressed in green holding a bird in her hands.
The top left fragment and the young girl match the AdE 4, Tav 51, 245 drawing above, but the centre fragment is different. 
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th February 1761.

Fragment of plaster showing a young girl dressed in green holding a bird in her hands.

The top left fragment and the young girl match the AdE 4, Tav 51, 245 drawing above, but the centre fragment is different.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.