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Herculaneum Ins. Or. II.9. Wine shop with rear room and dwelling on the upper floor.

Excavated 1936-37.

 

According to Guidobaldi, this was a wine shop, with rear room and dwelling on upper floor

See Guidobaldi, M.P, 2009: Ercolano, guida agli scavi. Naples, Electa Napoli, (p.49).

 

Wallace-Hadrill wrote that at number 9 was a wine-shop, a taberna vinaria, complete with a large stack of amphorae, a mezzanine with an amphora rack beneath it and address labels that identify the wine merchant as L.R. Antigonus: in the back room is a bed. (p.276).

On page 280, he wrote - as for the other shops, here too the excavation diaries show up Maiuri as less than meticulous. The wine amphora bearing the name of L.R. Antigonus was not found in the wine-merchant’s shop at number 9, but actually in the shop of the gemmarius at number 10, along with no less than four other amphora necks with the initials L.R.A.  On this showing, Antigonus is the name of the gemmarius, not the vinarius, and some loans had to be made from one space to another to kit it up as a convincing wine shop.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln Ltd., (p.280).

 

Maiuri wrote that this was a shop with a stove and a sink on one side and a lararium painting on the wall: Hercules pouring a libation between Dionysus and Mercury.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53, (p.57).

 

Cooley and Cooley wrote that this was a bar belonging to M. Livius Alcimus.

See Cooley, A.E, & Cooley, M.G.L. (2014). Pompeii and Herculaneum, a sourcebook. Oxon, Routledge, (p.232, entitled H10 Wine from Cos at Herculaneum)

 

Ins. Orientalis II, 9, the bar (or wine shop) on left, 8 in centre, 7 on right. 
September 2004. Looking north-east. Regarding this area with its upper floors, Wallace-Hadrill wrote that usually the rooms on the first floor followed the same plan and layout as the ground floor; generally, the first-floor rooms are associated with the shop rooms below them. The second floor is the least well preserved, though the robust construction of the Palaestra exedra seem to have kept the central section more intact. It is here that we can trace the layout of at least one flat, with several rooms around an open space. The entrance seems to have been from the wooden balcony that ran across the façade. By a bit of luck, Maiuri’s men in 1933 failed to complete their clearance of these rooms, and it was possible in 2006 to excavate the final layers of the latrine of the apartment, together with its downpipe dropping down to the sewer below. To reach the latrine from the flat, you had to go out on the balcony.
See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln Ltd., (p.275)

Ins. Orientalis II, 9, the bar (or wine shop) on left, 8 in centre, 7 on right.

September 2004. Looking north-east.

Regarding this area with its upper floors, Wallace-Hadrill wrote that usually the rooms on the first floor followed the same plan and layout as the ground floor;

generally, the first-floor rooms are associated with the shop rooms below them. The second floor is the least well preserved, though the robust construction of the Palaestra exedra seems to have kept the central section more intact. It is here that we can trace the layout of at least one flat, with several rooms around an open space. The entrance seems to have been from the wooden balcony that ran across the façade. By a bit of luck, Maiuri’s men in 1933 failed to complete their clearance of these rooms, and it was possible in 2006 to excavate the final layers of the latrine of the apartment, together with its downpipe dropping down to the sewer below. To reach the latrine from the flat, you had to go out on the balcony.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln Ltd., (p.275).

 

Ins. Orientalis II.7, Herculaneum. Excavation of latrine in upper floor apartment. 
Photo with kind permission of Prof. Andrew Wallace-Hadrill.
See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln Ltd., (p.275).

Ins. Orientalis II.7, Herculaneum. Excavation of latrine in upper floor apartment.

Photo with kind permission of Prof. Andrew Wallace-Hadrill.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future. London, Frances Lincoln Ltd., (p.275).

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. Entrance doorway.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. Entrance doorway.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. July 2015. Entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. July 2015. Entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, on right, Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking east from Cardo V Superiore.  Ins.Or.II.10, is on the left. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, on right, Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking east from Cardo V Superiore.

Ins.Or.II.10, is on the left. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. October 2015. Looking east across wine shop.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. October 2015. Looking east across wine shop.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east across wine shop.
According to Deiss, “ the amphorae of wine were laid lengthwise on a supporting wooden scaffold, cut to fit their shape. They were reached by a ship’s ladder of wood, which now dangles in space, carbonised.”
See Deiss, J.J. 1968. Herculaneum: a city returns to the sun. UK, The History Book Club, (p.106).

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking east across wine shop.

According to Deiss, “The amphorae of wine were laid lengthwise on a supporting wooden scaffold, cut to fit their shape.

They were reached by a ship’s ladder of wood, which now dangles in space, carbonised.”

“One amphora is marked with an inscription, quickly brushed in red: L. R. ANTIGONI”.

See Deiss, J.J. 1968. Herculaneum: a city returns to the sun. UK, The History Book Club, (p.106).

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. 1957. Detail of supporting wooden scaffold. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J57f0452
Note: in 1957, the carbonised wooden ladder was not on display.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. 1957. Detail of supporting wooden scaffold containing amphorae.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J57f0452

Note: in 1957, the carbonised wooden ladder was not on display.

According to Cooley and Cooley, an inscription was found on an amphora fragment in the bar belonging to M. Livius Alcimus, this bar at Ins.Or.II.9, along with other amphorae found labelled as his property. The inscription read –

Excellent Coan vintage at Herculaneum of Livius Alcimus.     (CIL IV 10722)

See Cooley, A.E, & Cooley, M.G.L. (2014). Pompeii and Herculaneum, a sourcebook. Oxon, Routledge, (p.232, H10 Wine from Cos at Herculaneum)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. October 2015. Looking towards south-east corner of wine shop.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. October 2015. Looking towards south-east corner of wine shop. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. South wall of wine shop.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. South wall of wine shop.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. October 2015. Looking towards south-west corner of wine-shop. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. October 2015. Looking towards south-west corner of wine-shop..

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. North wall of shop.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. North wall of shop.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. North wall of shop, with niche and remains of the fresco.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. North wall of shop, with niche and remains of the fresco.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. Niche in north wall. According to Deiss – a niche stuccoed as a seashell, sheltered a statuette (now missing) of one of the gods. Above and around the shrine was a fine fresco (now barely visible) of a robed Hercules pouring a libation between a nude Dionysus and a nude Mercury, who amongst other things, was the patron god of shop keepers. The fresco must have been the pride of the shop.
See Deiss, J.J. 1968. Herculaneum: a city returns to the sun. UK, The History Book Club, (p.104-6).

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. Niche in north wall.

According to Deiss – a niche stuccoed as a seashell, sheltered a statuette (now missing) of one of the gods.

Above and around the shrine was a fine fresco (now barely visible) of a robed Hercules pouring a libation between a nude Dionysus and a nude Mercury, who amongst other things, was the patron god of shop keepers. The fresco must have been the pride of the shop.

See Deiss, J.J. 1968. Herculaneum: a city returns to the sun. UK, The History Book Club, (p.104-6).

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum.1957.  Niche on north wall with remains of fresco, as described by Deiss, above.    
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
J57f0453

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum.1957. 

Niche on north wall with remains of fresco, as described by Deiss, above.   

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J57f0453

 

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking towards doorway to rear room, in east wall. Against the east wall of this rear room was found a carbonised wooden bed.

Ins. Orientalis II.9, Herculaneum. September 2015. Looking towards doorway to rear room, in east wall.

Against the east wall of this rear room was found a carbonised wooden bed.