HerculaneuminPictures

 

 

 




Herculaneum Ins. Or. II.4. Entrance to the large vestibule of the Palaestra, and the area at its rear.

Excavated 1933-54.

 

Cardo V, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south from near Ins. Or. II.4, on left.

Cardo V, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south from near Ins. Or. II.4, on left.

 

II.4 Herculaneum, July 2015. Looking east from end of Decumanus Inferiore, across Cardo V, towards entrance doorway.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

II.4 Herculaneum, July 2015. Looking east from end of Decumanus Inferiore, across Cardo V, towards entrance doorway.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east towards entrance to the Palestra. Looking east towards monumental entrance with two tufa columns into a wide vestibule, originally with a vaulted roof, decorated with red green and yellow coloured stars.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east towards entrance to the Palaestra.

Looking east towards monumental entrance with two tufa columns into a wide vestibule, originally with a vaulted roof decorated with red green and yellow coloured stars.

According to Parslow, in July 1757 whilst excavating in this vicinity, Karl Weber had uncovered fragments of a marble plaque commemorating Vespasian’s restoration in AD 76 of a temple dedicated to the Mater Deum which had been damaged by the earthquake of AD 62, and from this date onwards Weber referred to this building as “the Temple of the Venus or Vespasian or the Mother of the Gods.” The vaulted ceiling of this room had collapsed along the entire north side, and in a tunnel made under it a white stucco ceiling was revealed which was painted with a blue and a yellow star pattern. The upper side of the vault still bore traces of a simple black and white mosaic that must have been the floor of a room above it. Weber made a detailed study of the painted vault and counted all 966 extant stars.

Weber’s plan of this building was fairly simple, the main room of the temple (it was never called the “cella”) with its smaller “atrium” and two outside columns occupied the central position facing onto the two streets directly in front of them.”

See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, (p.134-143, and fig 35 - fig. 38).

According to Kraus, - “In 1757 an epigraph was turned up which stated that the Temple of the Magna Mater (the building itself has never been located) had been restored under Vespasian in 76”.

See Kraus T. and von Matt L., 1975. Pompeii and Herculaneum: Living cities of the dead. New York: Abrams. (p.119)

According to Wallace-Hadrill,

“Then there is the mysterious Temple of Mother of the Gods, Magna Mater, restored by the Emperor Vespasian in AD 76: the inscription plaque was found in the entrance to the Palaestra, with which it seems to have no connection.”

See Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2011). Herculaneum, Past and Future, U.K, London, Francis Lincoln Ltd, (p.196).

 

Ins.Or.II.4, Herculaneum, July 2015. Looking towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins.Or.II.4, Herculaneum, July 2015. Looking towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Herculaneum VI

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum.

Marble plaque discovered in this area commemorating Vespasian’s restoration in AD 76 of a temple dedicated to the Mater Deum which had been damaged by the earthquake of AD 62.  (CIL X 1406)

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Entrance doorway.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. South side from entrance doorway.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. South side of vestibule from entrance doorway.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015.Looking east from entrance doorway.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking east towards large entrance hall, from entrance doorway.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. North side from entrance doorway.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. North side of vestibule from entrance doorway.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east from vestibule into large entrance hall.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east from vestibule into large entrance hall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum. Found 22nd February 1757 in the vestibule. 
Statuette of Venus holding her sandal.
Then statuette has arm and ankle bracelets of gold.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 5133.
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi, p. 214.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum. Found 22nd February 1757 in the vestibule.

Statuette of Venus holding her sandal.

Then statuette has arm and ankle bracelets of gold.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 5133.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi, p. 214.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. North wall of large entrance hall.
According to Deiss, this room would have had a black tessellated pavement with portions set in marble, white walls relieved by architectural motifs, and a decorated vaulted ceiling. The ceiling collapsed when the volcanic debris was removed, due to the Bourbon tunnelers criss-crossing the walls and vault so many times. Portions of the vault revealed that the eight-rayed stars in wine-red, olive green, and chrome yellow were painted on a background of pale blue.
See Deiss, J.J. (1968). Herculaneum: a city returns to the sun. U.K, London, The History Book Club, (p.123-4).

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. North wall of large entrance hall.

According to Deiss, this room would have had a black tessellated pavement with portions set in marble, white walls relieved by architectural motifs, and a decorated vaulted ceiling. The ceiling collapsed when the volcanic debris was removed, due to the Bourbon tunnelers criss-crossing the walls and vault so many times.

Portions of the vault revealed that the eight-rayed stars in wine-red, olive green, and chrome yellow were painted on a background of pale blue.

See Deiss, J.J. (1968). Herculaneum: a city returns to the sun. U.K, London, The History Book Club, (p.123-4).

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2014. North wall of large entrance hall. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2014. North wall of large entrance hall. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. North wall of large entrance hall.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. North wall of large entrance hall. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. South wall of large entrance hall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking east across large entrance hall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking south along west portico, from end of large entrance hall.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking south along west portico, from east end of large entrance hall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking south-east across south end of west portico, towards the unexcavated. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Looking south-east across south end of west portico, towards the unexcavated.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking south-east across south end of west portico, towards the unexcavated.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking south-east across south end of west portico, towards the unexcavated.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, in centre, Herculaneum, 1957. Looking west from rear.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J57f0427

Ins. Orientalis II.4, in centre, Herculaneum, 1957. Looking west from rear. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J57f0427

 

Ins. Orientalis II,4, lower part of photo. 1957. Looking west from the rear. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J57f0424

Ins. Orientalis II.4, lower part of photo. 1957. Looking west from the rear. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J57f0424

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking north from east end of large entrance hall.

 

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking north from east end of large entrance hall. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking north from east end of large entrance hall.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking north along west portico, from east end of large entrance hall.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking north along west portico, from east end of large entrance hall.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015.  Looking towards north wall of large room on north side of large entrance hall.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking towards north wall of large vaulted room on north side of large entrance hall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail of decorated north wall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Remains of vaulted ceiling.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Remains of vaulted ceiling.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking north to rear of Ins.Or. II, on left.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking north to rear of Ins. Or. II, on left.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking north-east across west portico.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Remains of a bourbon tunnel.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Columns on west portico.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking north along the portico.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking north-east along the portico.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north along the portico.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north along the portico.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking north towards upper terrace, which would have overlooked the Palaestra.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking north towards upper terrace, which would have overlooked the Palaestra.

 

Ins. Or. II. September 2004. Looking north along west portico of palaestra. The entrance to the large apsed room can be seen, centre left.

Ins. Or. II. September 2004. Looking north along west portico of palaestra.

The entrance to the large apsed room can be seen, centre left.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking west from Palaestra towards large apsed room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
This room, according to Deiss, had some forty feet of its height still remaining. 
At the rear was a large niche in which would have stood a statue of an emperor, or even Hercules. In front of the niche was the heavy marble table on which the victor’s olive crowns and other prizes were placed. From this room, the boys and young men would have marched out again, down these steps and out around the arena before the games began.
See Deiss, J.J. (1968). Herculaneum, a city returns to the sun. London, The History Book Club, (p.127)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking west from Palaestra towards large apsed room.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

This room, according to Deiss, had some forty feet of its height still remaining.

At the rear was a large niche in which would have stood a statue of an emperor, or even Hercules.

In front of the niche was the heavy marble table on which the victor’s olive crowns and other prizes were placed.

From this room, the boys and young men would have marched out again, down the steps and out around the arena before the games began.

See Deiss, J.J. (1968). Herculaneum, a city returns to the sun. London, The History Book Club, (p.127).

According to Parslow, in February 1761 a shaft was sunk from one of the upper level rooms of the Palaestra down into one of the rooms flanking the great apsidal hall.

By luck this narrow shaft dropped directly onto a series of small mounted paintings resting on the mosaic floor and leaning up against one wall.

See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, (p.148-149, and fig.41)

According to Grasso, these small mounted paintings were provenanced from Ins. Or. II.4, 19 and are now in Naples Archaeological Museum.

They include NAP inv. no. 9019 p.164, no 47,

NAP inv. no. 9020 p.165 no 48,

NAP inv. no. 9021 p 163 no 46,

NAP inv. no. 9022, p.162 no 45, 

NAP inv. no. 9735 p.136, no 26,

NAP inv. no. 9726 p.135, no 25, and

NAP inv. no. 8993, p.110, no.8, and these can be also be seen on the web-page for Ins. Or. II.19.

See Bragantini, I, and Sampaolo, V, eds. La Pittura Pompeiana. Naples, Electa.

Paintings found in this area in 1761, somewhere near “an apsidal room”.

 

Ins.Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting entitled the Actor King.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9019. 
This is shown in AdE IV, 197, 42 and described as being found in the excavations of Portici, in February 1761.
According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, other paintings and fragments of paintings were found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi. 
(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting entitled the Actor King.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9019.

This is shown in AdE IV, p.197, tav.42 and described as being found in the excavations of Portici, in February 1761.

According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, other paintings and fragments of paintings were found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi.

(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a young nude hero sitting on a golden chair with a sword leaning against it.
Next to him stands another young nude, but missing his head and right arm, and on the left, only half a horse can be seen.  
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9020
This is shown in AdE IV, 211, 44, and described as being found together with the preceding painting in the month of February 1761 at Portici.
See also Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi. 
(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a young nude hero sitting on a golden chair with a sword leaning against it.

Next to him stands another young nude, but missing his head and right arm, and on the left, only half a horse can be seen. 

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9020

This is shown in AdE IV, p.211, Tav.44, and described as being found together with the preceding painting in the month of February 1761 at Portici.

See also Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli. Naples: Nicola Longobardi.

(p.218 dated 21st February 1761.)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a musical concert.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9021
This is shown in AdE IV, 207, 43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.
According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from two fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of a musical concert.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9021

This is shown in AdE IV, p.207, tav.43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.

According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from two fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of girl having her hair dressed
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9022.
This is shown in AdE IV, 207, 43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.
According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.
According to Parslow, in February 1761 a shaft was sunk from one of the upper level rooms of the Palaestra down into one of the rooms flanking the great apsidal hall.
By luck this narrow shaft dropped directly onto a series of small mounted paintings resting on the mosaic floor and leaning up against one wall.
See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, ((p.148-149, and fig.41)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting of girl having her hair dressed

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9022.

This is shown in AdE IV, p.207, tav.43, and described as being found together with the preceding paintings in the month of February 1761 at Portici.

According to Pagano & Prisciandaro, this painting was recomposed from fragments found in the area of the Palaestra in February 1761.

 

According to Parslow, in February 1761 a shaft was sunk from one of the upper level rooms of the Palaestra down into one of the rooms flanking the great apsidal hall.

By luck this narrow shaft dropped directly onto a series of small mounted paintings resting on the mosaic floor and leaning up against one wall.

See Parslow, C. C. (1998). Rediscovering Antiquity, Cambridge Univ. Press, ((p.148-149, and fig.41)

 

According to Grasso, these small mounted paintings were provenanced from Ins. Orientalis. II.4, 19 and are now in Naples Archaeological Museum.

They include -

NAP 9019, p.164, no 47,

NAP 9020, p.165, no 48,

NAP 9021, p 163, no 46,

NAP 9022, p.162, no 45,

NAP 9726, p.135, no 25,

NAP 9735, p.136, no 26,

NAP 8993, p.110, no.8,

See Bragantini, I, and Sampaolo, V, eds. La Pittura Pompeiana. Naples, Electa. (see above for page numbers)

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9726.
This is shown in AdE I, p.223, tav.42 and is shown as Scavi of Resina, but with no date or place mentioned.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9726.

This is shown in AdE I, p.223, tav.42 and is shown as Scavi of Resina, but with no date or place mentioned.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9735.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9735.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8993.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Painting found in February 1761.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 8993.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. 
Fragment of a young sitting faun playing the pipes, but only the legs, head and small part of the body remain. 
Nearby are the legs of another young person.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9141.
See Le Antichita di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 29, 139.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761.

Fragment of a young sitting faun playing the pipes, but only the legs, head and small part of the body remain.

Nearby are the legs of another young person.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9141.

See Le Antichita di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 29, 139.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Old 19th century photo.
Fragment of a sitting man playing the lyre and with another figure at his feet listening to him, but part of the head is missing.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9816.
See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi, p. 218.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Old 19th century photo.

Fragment of a sitting man playing the lyre and with another figure at his feet listening to him, but part of the head is missing.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9816.

See Pagano, M. and Prisciandaro, R., 2006. Studio sulle provenienze degli oggetti rinvenuti negli scavi borbonici del regno di Napoli.  Naples: Nicola Longobardi, p. 218.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Three very curious fragments of plaster. 
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.
See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 51, 245.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th/21st February 1761. Three very curious fragments of plaster.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.

See Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte Tomo 4, Le Pitture Antiche di Ercolano 4, 1765, Tav 51, 245.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th February 1761. Frragment of plaster showing a young girl dressed in green holding a bird in her hands. 
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, 19 Herculaneum. Found 19th February 1761. Fragment of plaster showing a young girl dressed in green holding a bird in her hands.

The top left fragment and the young girl match the AdE 4, Tav 51, 245 drawing above, but the centre fragment is different.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 9906.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking west from Palaestra towards large apsed room, on right.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking west from Palaestra towards large apsed room, on right.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking north across towards steps from palestra, looking towards recess in palestra portico. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0688

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975.

Looking west across towards steps from palaestra, looking towards large room with recess in palaestra portico.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0688

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking west towards the large apsed room, which opens out into the centre of the portico. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Looking west towards the large apsed room, which opens out into the centre of the west portico.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Remaining decoration on west and north wall of apsed room.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Remaining decoration on west and north wall of apsed room.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. West end of apsed room, with large niche set into west wall. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

West end of apsed room, with large niche set into west wall.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking north towards recess in palestra portico. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0689

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking west towards recess in palaestra portico.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0689

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Details from west end of apsed room, a large marble table with legs terminating in eagle’s claws.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Details from west end of apsed room, a large marble table with legs terminating in eagle’s claws.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail of marble table in apsed room.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail of marble table in apsed room.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of marble table in apsed room. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Detail of marble table in apsed room. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail of eagles’s claw. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail of eagle’s claw. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum Palestra August 2013 Ferebee P1210431

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Flooring. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking west towards the large apsed room, which opens out into the centre of the west portico, from roadway above.
Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, May 2001.

Looking west towards the large apsed room, which opens out into the centre of the west portico, from roadway above.

Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking north-west from portico. 
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking north-west from portico. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2014. Looking towards the upper floor loggia at the north end of portico.

Photo taken from access roadway, looking north-west. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking towards the north end of portico, on the lower floor was a windowed gallery, a cryptoporticus. On the upper floor was a loggia.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Looking towards the north end of portico, on the lower floor was a windowed gallery, a cryptoporticus.

On the upper floor was a loggia.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Upper floor loggia at the north end. 
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Upper floor loggia at the north end. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail from column on west side at north end. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail from column on west side at north end.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail of north wall, in north-west corner.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail of upper north wall, in north west corner.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Vaulted room in north wall on upper terrace.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Vaulted room in north wall on upper terrace.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Vaulted room in north wall on upper terrace.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail of decorated north wall of vaulted room on upper terrace.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Detail of decorated north wall of vaulted room on upper terrace.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. North-west corner of portico. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. North-west corner of portico. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking east along interior of cryptoporticus.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking east along interior of cryptoporticus.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking east along interior of cryptoporticus.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking east along interior of cryptoporticus.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking east along interior of cryptoporticus. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking east along interior of cryptoporticus.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking east along interior of cryptoporticus.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking east along interior of cryptoporticus.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. North side of interior of cryptoporticus.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. North side of interior of cryptoporticus.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. West end of cryptoporticus. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. West end of cryptoporticus. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north-east towards cryptoporticus at north end, below the access bridge. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking north-east towards cryptoporticus at north end, below the access bridge.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking east along exterior of the windowed gallery, the cryptoporticus. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking east along exterior of the windowed gallery, the cryptoporticus.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Exterior of windowed gallery, looking north-east.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Exterior of windowed gallery, looking north-east.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking east along the long rectangular basin on the south side of the cryptoporticus. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
According to Guidobaldi, - “
The long basin at the side of the cryptoporticus (a fish-breeding pond) was later eliminated and replaced by the large cross-shaped basin, which has only been partially excavated.” 
See Guidobaldi, M.P. (2009): Ercolano: guida agli scavi. Electa Napoli, (p.50)

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Looking east along the long rectangular basin on the south side of the cryptoporticus.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

According to Guidobaldi, - “The long basin at the side of the cryptoporticus (a fish-breeding pond) was later eliminated and replaced by the large cross-shaped basin, which has only been partially excavated.”

See Guidobaldi, M.P. (2009): Ercolano: guida agli scavi. Electa Napoli, (p.50)

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking east along the long rectangular basin on the south side of the cryptoporticus.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking east along the long rectangular basin on the south side of the cryptoporticus.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking towards east end of basin, and north-east corner of portico. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking towards east end of basin, and north-east corner of portico.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum Palaestra. July 2010. Looking north-east from access roadway above.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum Palaestra. July 2010. Looking north-east from access roadway above.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum Palaestra. July 2010. Looking east from roadway above. 
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum Palaestra. July 2010. Looking east from roadway above. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking south-east from roadway above. 
Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking south-east from roadway above.

Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

 

Ins. Orientalis II, Palestra, Herculaneum, 1961. Looking east along north side of the criptoporticus. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J61f0583

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Palaestra, Herculaneum, 1961. Looking east along north side of the cryptoporticus.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J61f0583

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking east along the rectangular basin.  
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0696

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking east along the rectangular basin.  

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0696

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Detail of the rectangular basin, looking east.   
Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0698

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Detail of the rectangular basin, looking east.   

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0698

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking along the basin, from the east end towards the west end. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0697

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975.

Looking along the basin, from the east end towards the west end, and the north-west corner of the palaestra portico.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0697

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking south-west towards entrance hall. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking south-west towards large apsed room, in centre.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking south-west towards large apsed room, in centre behind portico. 
Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, March 2008. Looking south-west towards large apsed room, in centre behind portico.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum. October 2001. Looking south-west across rear of Ins. Or. II, from entrance roadway above the Palaestra. The large apsed room can be seen on the left.  Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum. October 2001.

Looking south-west across rear of Ins. Or. II, from entrance roadway above the Palaestra.

The large apsed room can be seen on the left.  Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking south-west across rear of Ins. Or. II, from entrance roadway above the Palaestra.  Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking south-west across rear of Ins. Or. II, from entrance roadway above the Palaestra.

Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking south-west from entrance roadway above the Palaestra.  Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, May 2001. Looking south-west from entrance roadway above the Palaestra.

Photo courtesy of Current Archaeology.

 

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking south towards west side, with large apsed room, centre right.  Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0712

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking south towards west portico side, with large apsed room, centre right. 

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0712

 

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum. 1975. South-east side, the steps down leading towards the Palestra area. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0715

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking south along west side.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0715

 

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum. 1975. Looking south-west. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0716

 

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum. 1964. Looking down and west, from entrance ramp. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J64f1142

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum. 1964. Looking down and south-west, from entrance ramp.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J64f1142

 

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum. 1955.  Looking down and west, from entrance ramp.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J55f0464.

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum. 1955. Looking down and south-west, from entrance ramp.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J55f0464.  

 

 

 

The Palaestra, still unexcavated.

 

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Ins. Or. II. September 2004. Looking south-east across the west portico of the Palaestra.

 

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum, 1975. Looking towards the entrance to the Palestra, a cross from the steps down from the portico. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0711

Ins. Or. II, Herculaneum, 1975. Looking south along the west portico.

Looking towards the entrance to the still unexcavated part of the Palaestra, on left.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0711

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Looking into the cavern, which would have been the site of the playing field of the Palaestra. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
According to Deiss, 
“In the centre of the field was a swimming pool in the form of a cross, some 160 feet in length and with an intersecting arm of 100 feet. At the ends were fountain jets. In the centre was a giant bronze serpent, coiled on the limbs of a tree, and from whose five crowned heads water sprayed into the pool. The serpent, which was overlooked by the Bourbons, has been restored to its commanding position. The mountain of hard mud has not been removed from above the cruciform pool, but merely hollowed out like a cavern over the central portion.”
See Deiss, J.J. (1968). Herculaneum: a city returns to the sun. London, History Book Club, (p.128).

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012.

Looking into the cavern, which would have been the site of the playing field of the Palaestra.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

According to Deiss,

“In the centre of the field was a swimming pool in the form of a cross, some 160 feet in length and with an intersecting arm of 100 feet.

At the ends were fountain jets. In the centre was a giant bronze serpent, coiled on the limbs of a tree, and from whose five crowned heads water sprayed into the pool. The serpent, which was overlooked by the Bourbons, has been restored to its commanding position.

The mountain of hard mud has not been removed from above the cruciform pool, but merely hollowed out like a cavern over the central portion.”

See Deiss, J.J. (1968). Herculaneum: a city returns to the sun. London, History Book Club, (p.128).

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011.  
Looking into the cavern, which would have been the site of the playing field of the Palaestra. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011.  

Looking into the cavern, which would have been the site of the playing field of the Palaestra.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Herculaneum Palestra August 2013 Ferebee P1210437

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. A chunk of marble flooring found scattered in the alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Herculaneum Palestra August 2013 Ferebee P1210438

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail from mosaic flooring.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. A chunk of mosaic flooring. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. A chunk of mosaic flooring. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. A chunk of mosaic flooring. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. A chunk of mosaic flooring. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. A chunk of mosaic flooring. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. A chunk of mosaic flooring. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Herculaneum Palestra August 2013 Ferebee P1210439

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail from mosaic flooring. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2016. Bronze fountain depicting Hydra.
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2016. Bronze fountain depicting Hydra.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Reproduction of a bronze fountain depicting Hydra, a large many-headed serpent spirally entwined around the trunk of a tree.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Reproduction of a bronze fountain depicting Hydra, a large many-headed serpent spirally entwined around the trunk of a tree.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Detail of bronze fountain of Hydra, water would have sprayed from the head of the serpent and flowed into the bowl below it.. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Detail of bronze fountain of Hydra, water would have sprayed from the head of the serpent and flowed into the bowl below it.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Reproduction of a bronze fountain depicting Hydra.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Reproduction of a bronze fountain depicting Hydra.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. Reproduction of a bronze fountain depicting Hydra.
Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. Reproduction of a bronze fountain depicting Hydra.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975. Bronze serpent with five heads which sprayed water into the palestra’s swimming pool. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.   
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J75f0691

Ins. Or. II.4, Herculaneum. 1975.

Bronze serpent with five heads which sprayed water into the palaestra’s swimming pool.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.  

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J75f0691

 

Herculaneum Palestra August 2013 Ferebee P1210441

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

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Description generated with high confidence

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Herculaneum Palestra August 2013 Ferebee P1210442

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Herculaneum Palestra August 2013 Ferebee P1210443

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

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Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, October 2012. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. Tunnels hewn out of the hard alluvial debris.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking west from exit doorway of the unexcavated, towards rooms on either side of apsed room. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013.

Looking west from exit doorway of the unexcavated palaestra, towards rooms on either side of apsed room.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011.  
Looking north-west from exit doorway of the unexcavated palaestra, towards rooms on loggia on north side, with modern Ercolano towering above. Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, June 2011. 

Looking north-west from exit doorway of the unexcavated palaestra, towards rooms on loggia on north side, with modern Ercolano towering above.

Photo courtesy of Sera Baker.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking towards south end of portico.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, August 2013. Looking towards south end of west portico.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015.

Looking north along west portico, from near east end of large entrance hall.

 

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking west across large entrance hall towards vestibule, and exit.

 

Ins. Orientalis II 4, Herculaneum, September 2015.Exit from palaestra onto Cardo V.
Looking west along Decumanus Inferiore, ahead.

Ins. Orientalis II.4, Herculaneum, September 2015. Exit from palaestra onto Cardo V.

Looking west along Decumanus Inferiore, ahead.