HerculaneuminPictures

 

 

 




Herculaneum IV.18. House, linked to IV.17 the Taberna di Priapo.

 

According to Wallace-Hadrill, this main entrance doorway led along a corridor to a columned courtyard (tetrastyle atrium) surrounded by ten rooms. Stairs to upper floor by doorway and at back. Possible hospitium.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A., 1994. Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum. New Jersey: Princeton U.P. (p.201).

 

Maiuri wrote, this house, like the preceding ones, was quite spacious but simple, almost rustic.  At one side there was a shop (IV.17), with a communicating door between it and the actual dwelling house. It was a dwelling of the commercial classes but it would seem their business was less prosperous than that of the great corner shop and therefore it had a more modest air.

The house had a long corridor divided by a slight partition wall (perhaps for the construction of the staircase leading to the upper floor) then it opened into a little tetrastyle atrium closed by a pluteus or parapet, with a windowed gallery above, upon which opened almost all of the rooms on the first floor, so that the atrium fulfilled the function of a lightwell. The rooms, ruined by the underground tunnels, retain very few of the original decoration.  The triclinium which opened upon the east side of the atrium with little paintings of fish and marine animals on the walls was worthy of note, it was preceded by a small anteroom.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.59-60).

 

A cache of eleven wax tablets were found piled on top of each other in a room on the upper floor.

See Cooley, A.E. and Cooley, M.G. 2014. Pompeii and Herculaneum; a sourcebook. U.K. Abingdon, Routledge, 2nd ed.  (p.212)

 

Herculaneum IV.17-18. Plan of Taberna di Priapo, or Bar of Priapus and linked dwelling.

Herculaneum IV.17-18. Plan of Taberna di Priapo, or Bar of Priapus and linked dwelling.

 

IV.18, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking towards entrance doorway on west side of Cardo V, Inferiore.  Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.18, Herculaneum, September 2015. Looking towards entrance doorway on west side of Cardo V, Inferiore.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

IV.18 Herculaneum, June 2012. Looking west towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.18 Herculaneum, June 2012. Looking west towards entrance doorway. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

Herculaneum IV.18, May 2004. Entrance doorway to dwelling. Looking west from entrance along corridor.  The small doorway om the left is to room 1.
The room to the left with the painted wall and triangular roof portion is room 2 of IV.19.

IV.18 Herculaneum, May 2004. Entrance doorway to dwelling. Looking west from entrance along corridor.

The small doorway on the left is to room 1.

The room to the left with the painted wall and triangular roof portion is room 2 of IV.19.