HerculaneuminPictures

 

 

 




Herculaneum IV.13, House, linked to IV.12 and bar at IV.15-16.

Excavated 1931-32.

 

According to Wallace-Hadrill, this doorway was the private entrance, via a corridor with stairs up, to a rear atrium and six rooms.

See Wallace-Hadrill, A., 1994. Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum. New Jersey: Princeton U.P. (p.201)

 

Maiuri wrote that this entrance (also flanked by a small shop or office for the settling of business affairs) open into a vestibule with two low well-heads on a level with the floor; recovered above one of these was a wooden windlass for drawing water. Nearby there are two cubicles. The small rectangular atrium (with the marble edged impluvium tank and the opus signinum flooring adorned with tesserae and segments of marble), together with the two well-decorated rooms facing one another, form the real family quarters of the rich merchant. The sectile square that decorates the floor of the small triclinium to the south-east of the atrium is noteworthy for its delicate, precious detail. The corridor at the end of the atrium connected the house with the shop.

See Maiuri, Amedeo, (1977). Herculaneum. 7th English ed, of Guide books to the Museums Galleries and Monuments of Italy, No.53 (p.58-59).

 

Camardo and Notomista (eds.) show photos of the wooden windlass for drawing water, in situ, with photos in 1935 and 1957, showing the carbonised wooden winch still wrapped with part of the rope to which a bucket would have been tied to retrieve the water from the tank below.

See Camardo, D, and Notomista, M, eds. (2017). Ercolano: 1927-1961. L’impresa archeologico di Amedeo Maiuri e l’esperimento della citta museo. Rome, L’Erma di Bretschneider, (p.202-3).

 

Herculaneum IV.12-13; 15-16, plan of house and linked areas.
Entrances at 12 and 13 serve the house living quarters.
1 and 2 are two living rooms, on west side of fauces 10, with two well-heads.
Atrium 3 has an impluvium in centre.
Cubiculum 4 opens onto atrium. 
Small triclinium 5, in which was conserved the central emblema in opus sectile.
Corridor 11, from this corridor the living quarters connect with the bar room and connected rooms, in room 13, served by entrances at 15 and 16 was the grand counter room with evidence of traces of a latrine in the south-east corner.
The rear rooms 6 and 7 on west side of shop-room, and a large room on the south side, subdivided by a rough screen into the actual rooms 8 and 9, all were rooms for the clients to sit and eat.
On the wall of the screen in room 6 is a graffito....... (page 337)
See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.336-7)

Herculaneum IV.12-13; 15-16, plan of house and linked areas.

 

Entrances at 12 and 13 serve the house living quarters.

1 and 2 are two living rooms, on west side of fauces 10, with two well-heads.

Atrium 3 has an impluvium in centre.

Cubiculum 4 opens onto atrium.

Small triclinium 5, in which was conserved the central emblema in opus sectile.

Corridor 11, from this corridor the living quarters connect with the bar room and connected rooms,

in room 13, served by entrances at 15 and 16 was the grand counter room with evidence of traces of a latrine in the south-east corner.

The rear rooms 6 and 7 on west side of shop-room, and a large room on the south side, subdivided by a rough screen into the actual rooms 8 and 9, all were rooms for the clients to sit and eat.

On the wall of the screen in room 6 is a graffito....... (page 337)

See Pesando, F. and Guidobaldi, M.P. (2006). Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae. Editori Laterza, (p.336-7)

 

IV.13 Herculaneum, in centre, September 2015. Looking south to entrance doorway, linked to shop entrance at IV.12. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

IV.13 Herculaneum, in centre, September 2015. Looking south to entrance doorway, linked to shop entrance at IV.12.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

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IV.13 Herculaneum, September 2016. Vestibule, wooden winch found above a cistern that had been used to pull up a bucket.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

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IV.13 Herculaneum, September 2016. Reverse side of wooden winch. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.